domingo, 10 de fevereiro de 2008
A cidade da Haia (em neerlandês Den Haag, ou oficialmente, 's-Gravenhage) é a terceira maior cidade nos Países Baixos depois de Amsterdão e Roterdão. A Haia é a real sede do governo, porém, oficialmente não é a capital dos Países Baixos, de acordo com a constituição a capital é Amsterdã. A Haia é a sede do Eerste Kamer (primeira câmara) e da Tweede Kamer (segunda câmara), respectivamente as câmaras alta e baixa que formam o "Staten Generaal" (literalmente os "Estados Gerais"). A Rainha Beatriz dos Países Baixos vive e trabalha na Haia. Todas as embaixadas e ministérios estão localizados na cidade, assim como a Hoge Raad der Nederlanden (A Suprema Corte), o Raad van State (Conselho do Estado) e muitas organizações lobistas.
Den Haag - Sítio Oficial
The Hague Academy of International Law
As a result of its rich legacy in international politics, The Hague is home to over 150 international (legal) organisations. These include the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The foundation of The Hague as an "international city of peace and justice" was laid in 1899, when the world's first Peace Conference took place in The Hague on Tobias Asser's initiative, followed by a second in 1907. A direct result of these meetings was the establishment of the world's first organisation for the settlement of international disputes: the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). Shortly thereafter the Scottish-American millionaire Andrew Carnegie made the necessary funds available to build the Peace Palace (“Vredespaleis”) to house the PCA.
After the establishment of the League of Nations, The Hague became the seat of the Permanent Court of International Justice, which was replaced by the UN's International Court of Justice after the Second World War. The establishment of the Iran-US Claims Tribunal (1981), the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1993) and the International Criminal Court (2002) in the city further consolidated the role of The Hague as a centre for international legal arbitration. Most recently, in December 2007, the Dutch Cabinet offered to host a U.N. tribunal to investigate and prosecute suspects in the 2005 assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. This Hariri Tribunal will be located in the former headquarters of the Netherlands General Intelligence Agency in Leidschendam, a suburb of The Hague.
Currently the city authority is seeking to establish an image of the city as the "legal capital of the world" and "international city of peace and justice".
Major international organisations based in The Hague include:
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, (ICTY)
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, (OPCW)
International Court of Justice, located in the Peace Palace.
International Criminal Court, (ICC).
European Police Office, (Europol)
Hague Academy of International Law, center for high-level education in both public and private international law.
Permanent Court of Arbitration, the oldest institution for international dispute resolution.
Hague Conference on Private International Law, (HCCH), the oldest and preeminent private international law harmonization institution.
Iran-United States Claims Tribunal
Eurojust, European Union body composed of national prosecutors.
European Patent Office
The European Library
Postado por Felipe Stauffer Junqueira às 16:46